LookAtVietnam – Quang Nam provincial authorities feel elated with the
idea of setting up a national automobile center, while considering applying huge
incentives to investors. Meanwhile, the plan has not been welcomed by many
Under the plan, the national automobile center would be located in Tam Anh
Industrial Zone and the communes of Tam Hiep, Tam Tien, Tam Hoa in the Chu Lao
Open Economic Zone in Quang Nam province. The center would have the total area
of 7800 hectares, including different functional areas: automobile mechanical
engineering, ports and port logistics area, residential quarters for experts and
workers, and entertainment area.
The automobile mechanical engineering would cover an area of 2800 hectares,
which would attract the projects on manufacturing and assembling cars with the
total expected capacity of 300,000 cars a year, and the factories that make car
The investment capital for the automobile center, not including satellite
factories would be 500 dollars a year for the production capacity of 150,000
cars a year, and one billion dollars for the capacity of 300,000 cars a year.
Especially, the required investment capital would be 1.5 billion dollars to
churn out 500,000 cars a year.
Quang Nam plans to impose 10 percent of corporate income tax for 30 years (other
enterprises in the same zone enjoy the 10 percent tax rate for 15 years), and
exempt the tax for the first 10 years instead of four years. Also, the investors
would also enjoy the 50 percent tax reduction in the next nine years.
The collection of other kinds of taxes, including import tax and luxury tax
should be delayed for five years in 2015-2019. The State budget should support
the consumption of 30 percent of products on the domestic market, which is equal
to the total sum of luxury tax to be paid for 50 percent of products for five
The government has also proposed to give support by purchasing the cars for
Quang Nam has also proposed to apply the regulations of export processing zone (EPZ)
to Hyundai and Kia.
However, the two special preferences have been rejected by the Ministry of
Finance, which has said that the suggested incentives have exceeded the
incentive frame stipulated by the current laws.
For example, in order to enjoy the preferences applied to export processing
zone’s enterprises, KIA will have to commit to export 100 percent of its
products, not 70 percent.
The Ministry of Finance has stressed that the special consumption tax (luxury
tax) law does not have any provisions on the preferences and supports to
encourage production and business. The Decree No 87 guiding the Import-Export
Law also shows that the projects are not the subjects to tax exemption and
Meanwhile, the Vietnam Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (VAMA) keeps
indifferent to the plan. An expert from VAMA said that in fact, the suggested
incentives would be reserved for Truong Hai, Kia and Hyundai only. The location
for the automobile center – the Chu Lai Open Economic Zone – is now also the
place, where Truong Hai and Truong Hai – Kia joint venture set up their
VAMA’s members would not be able to invest in the automobile center in Chu Lai,
when their factories are all located far from the center, mostly in Hanoi and
This is also the reason which explains why most of VAMA’s members have opposed
the granting of such huge incentives to the auto center in Chu Lai. They believe
that it would be better to let the auto center to develop in the same leveling
ground like other enterprises.
Commenting about the automobile industry development, the expert said that in
the coming time, after the Ministry of Industry and Trade defines the strategic
car line, enterprises may want to set up the second and third auto centers,
possibly in Hanoi or HCM City.